I decided the best way to rescue the top was with my favorite technique....glass tiles!
I painted the entire table black and selected these great, tiny glass tiles that come in a sheet. They are really inexpensive at the big box hardware stores. I really liked the tiny silver tiles that were scattered throughout.
I had wanted to replace the existing handles with silver ones. The originals are Bakelite plastic, and really quite beautiful; however, they are dark brown. After searching and measuring multiple drawer pulls, I was not able to find any whose screws were the exact same distance as these. I did not want to devalue the piece by filling in those wholes and drilling new ones, so I ended up just putting the original ones back on the drawers.